Salpeter SR, Ormiston TM, Salpeter EE, et al. Cardioselective beta-blockers for reversible airway disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2002;Issue 4:Art. No.: CD002992. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002992.

Sarnak MJ, Levey AS, Schoolwerth AC, et al. Kidney disease as a risk factor for development of cardiovascular disease: a statement from the American Heart Association Councils on kidney in cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure research, clinical cardiology, and epidemiology and prevention. Circulation 2003;108:2154-2169.

Saxon LA, Bristow MR, Boehmer J, et al. Predictors of sudden cardiac death and appropriate shock in the comparison of medical therapy, pacing and defibrillation in heart failure (COMPANION) trial. Circulation 2006;114:2766-2772.

Scales R, Miller JH. Motivational techniques for improving compliance with an exercise program: skills for primary care clinicians. Curr Sports Med Rep 2003;2:166-172.

Schneider NG, Olmstead RE, Franzon MA, et al. The nicotine inhaler. Clinical pharmacokinetics and comparison with other nicotine treatments. Clin Pharmacokinet2001;40:661–684.

Scott I, Denaro C, Flores J, et al. Quality of care patients hospitalised with congestive heart failure. Intern Med J 2003;33:140-151.

Scott J, Thompson DR. Assessing the information needs of post-myocardial infarction patients: a systematic review. Patient Educ Couns 2003;50:167-177.

Selig S, Levinger I, Williams A et al. Exercise and Sports Science Australia (ESSA) position statement on exercise training and chronic heart failure. J Sci Med Sport 2010;13:288-294.

Shimada H, Uchiyama Y, Kakurai S. Specific effects of balance and gait exercise on physical function among the frail elderly. Clin Rehabil 2003;17:472-410.

Smart N, Marwick TH. Exercise training for patients with heart failure: A systematic review of factors that improve mortality and morbidity. Am J Med 2004;116:693-706.

Steffan T, Hacker T, Mollinger L. Age and gender related test performance in community dwelling elderly people: six minute walk test, Berg balance scale, timed up and go test, and gait speeds. Physical Ther 2002;82:128-137.

Steinke EE, Jaarsma T, Barnason SA, et al. Sexual counseling for individuals with cardiovascular disease and their partners. A consensus document from the American Heart Association and the ESC Council on Cardiovascular Nursing and Allied Professions (CCNAP). Circulation 2013;128:2075-96.

Stein R, Maia CP, Silveira AD, et al. Inspiratory muscle strength as a determinant of functional capacity early after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Arch Phys Med Rehab 2009;90:1685-1691.

Stewart S, Blue L. Improving Outcomes in Chronic Heart Failure: Specialist nurse intervention from research to practice, 2nd Edition. London: BMJ Publishing. 2004.

Stewart S, MacIntyre K, Holec D, et al.  More 'malignant' than cancer? Five-year survival following a first admission for heart failure. Eur J Heart Fail 2001;3:315-322.

Stiller K, McIness M, Huff N, et al. Do exercises prevent musculoskeletal complications after cardiac surgery? Physiother Theory Pract 1997;13:117-126.

Sturgess TR, Denehy L, Tully EA, et al. The Functional Difficulties Questionnaire: A New Tool for Assessing Physical Function of the Thoracic Region in a Cardiac Surgery Population. Cardiopulm Phys Ther J 2018;29(3):110-23.

Suna JM, Mudge A, Stewart I, et al. The effect of a supervised exercise programme on sleep quality in recently discharged heart failure patients. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 2015;14:198-205.

Swanson, J. A., Lee, J. W., & Hopp, J. W. (1994). Caffeine and nicotine: a review of their joint use and possible interactive effects in tobacco withdrawal. Addictive Behaviors, 19(3), 229-256.

Szollosi I, Roebuck T, Thompson B, et al. Lateral Sleeping Position Reduces Severity of Central Sleep Apnea / Cheyne-Stokes Respiration. Sleep 2006; 29:1045-1051.